Obesity:Causes,Symptoms,Risks and Treatment


Obesity is a disorder that’s affecting an increasing number of people every day.

It is not just a body image issue, it’s a condition that may cause illnesses that are serious if not adequately handled.

It’s through decades and years of bad eating habits and a lifestyle which may cause this weight problem although the truth is, some of us are predisposed to the condition.

Table of Contents

What is Obesity?

Obesity isn’t the same as being obese. People that are considered obese will need to have a body mass index of 30 or more.

Whenever someone is overweight besides, it suggests they are at a higher risk of contracting severe ailments such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and even cancer.

Obesity is difficult to treat, as it takes lifestyle changes. Frequently individuals that are obese will shed weight just to regain it back a couple of decades later regrettably.

But with the ideal mix of remedies, weight loss is likely for those that are obese, and a few are successful in losing fat and keeping it away.

Causes and Symptoms of Obesity?

Obesity can be regarded as a disorder that’s very linked to food consumption and exercise, though specific medical problems can also cause it. Here are some leading causes of obesity:

1. Diet

Eating high energy density foods like bread, pasta, pastries, and quick food items may result in obesity if consumed regularly and over a long duration.

Not eating healthful foods like fiber-rich fruits, whole grains, and green leafy veggies can’t just create havoc within the digestive tract but can also result in weight gain.

2. Medical conditions in connection to Obesityg

Particular health conditions may result in weight gain. These ailments include Poly-cystic ovarian syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing syndrome, arthritis, and arthritis.

3. Emotional Eating

emotional eating

Overeating corresponding to negative emotions is also known as Emotional eating. Like anxiety, boredom, anger, or frustration.

Approximately 30 percent of obese men and women report they have problems with binge eating.

4. Genetics

Around 400 genes are believed to lead to overweight or obesity.

These enzymes may affect factors like hunger, metabolism, food cravings, satiety, psychological eating, and body fat distribution within the body.

Genetic influence may differ from person to person and may vary from as low as a 25 percent impact to as large as an 80 percent impact.

5. Frequency of Eating

How many times you eat can play a part in weight reduction. Overweight men and women tend to eat less frequently than individuals with average weight.

Studies indicate that individuals who eat smaller meals or five times a day have lower cholesterol levels and much more stable blood glucose levels than those who consume just two to three meals every day.

6. Sleep Habits

The deficiency of sleep may cause hormonal changes within the body and may impact appetite and hunger.

Sleep deprivation on a lengthy period could have severe impacts on your metabolism and put you up for weight reduction.

How can you know whether you’re obese? Here are some top symptoms to Watch out for:


sleep or sleep apnea

Struggling to do a physical action

Excessive perspiration

Exhaustion or fatigue on a day to day basis

joint and back pains

menstrual imbalance (irregular periods, mood swings, etc.)

Skin and hair problems

Lack of confidence and reduced self-esteem

Feeling alone/isolated

How Is Obesity Diagnosed?

There are quite a few ways that your physician can diagnose obesity. Here are a few of the most common diagnostic tests and assessments that can help discover this condition within an individual:

1. Physical Examination


By running a physical exam (assessing heartbeat, blood pressure, and fever in addition to checking your heart, intestines, and lungs ) that your physician can determine if you’re overweight or obese.

2. Calculating BMI

The most significant markers which could signal obesity is the BMI.

If your Body Mass Index is 30 or more, you can make sure you are coping with obesity.

Though BMI is among the most common methods to measure obesity, this is not always true.

BMI can’t differentiate between bone mass, muscle mass, and body fat, therefore estimating whether surplus fat is a problem is hard to discover correctly.

3. Measuring Waist Circumference


Visceral fat stored around the waist may be quantified to ascertain certain health dangers associated with obesity and being overweight.

A waist circumference of over 35 inches for a female and 40 inches for a person is over the standard measurement and needs to be thought of as a risk element.

4. Blood Tests

Specific blood tests may be required to check for cholesterol levels, liver function, fasting glucose levels, and thyroid gland.

The outcomes of those tests can be useful in determining obesity.

Risks Associated With Obesity

Unfortunately, obesity may pose several health risks for the person. Some of the risks include:

1. Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin is appropriate to reduce blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes happens when your cells cannot respond to insulin.

For those who have type 2 diabetes, an excessive amount of sugar and glucose build up in the blood.

It can lead to health complications and may even reduce the body’s ability to make insulin

2. Heart-Disease

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a term that refers to a lot of distinct kinds of heart ailments.

Some of the different ailments contain Arrhythmia (an irregular heart rhythm ), Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries),

Cardiomyopathy (heart muscles harden or increased weak), Congenital heart defects (Hazards of the heart in arrival ),

Coronary artery disease (resulting from an accumulation of plaque of heart arteries), Heart disease (a condition brought on by bacteria or parasites).

3. High Blood Pressure  and Obesity

Also called hypertension. High blood pressure happens when blood pressure rises too high.

Additional weight can increase the heart rate and lower the body’s ability to transport blood through blood vessels, and more significant stress on the artery walls increases the blood pressure.

It may be a precursor to a heart attack or stroke

4. Certain Cancers and Obesity

Obesity can place someone at risk for specific forms of cancer.

These types comprise Meningioma (cancer in the tissue enclosing the brain and spinal cord), Thyroid, Liver, Gallbladder, Upper Stomach, Pancreas, Ovary, and Kidney.

Prostate cancer, colon cancer, and endometrial cancer are mainly correlated with obesity and need to be tracked in the event the person is deemed obese.

5. Fatty Liver Disease

Also called hepatic steatosis. The fatty liver disorder occurs when fat is composed in the liver over time.

Too much fat in the liver may lead to inflammation that may result in scarring (liver fibrosis), which may then cause liver failure.

6. Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a requirement when breathing repeatedly pauses during the night while sleeping.

People who have sleep apnea might feel tired during the day and wonder.

When left untreated, sleep apnea may lead to health complications like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other severe illnesses.

Obesity is a complex condition, and healing may be involved also.

Though not impossible to treat, frequently multiple therapies ought to be implemented at once to make sure the maximum success.

There is a range of methods to approach curing obesity. Here are the top ways, according to caregivers:

1. Diet Modification and fight Obesity

diet modification

Among the primary modes of therapy entails food ingestion.

Eating fewer calories (500-1000 per day) can help in reducing weight.

Consuming foods that are modest in calories and fat and are packed with nutrition could bring your body back into a wholesome balance.

It’s uncommon, however, an individual who’s obese succeeds for this therapy alone.

It’s frequently the fad that after going to a deficient calorie diet, the more weight is recovered about two decades after.

2. Exercise


Incorporating exercise into your everyday routine can help you eliminate weight.

Daily physical activity, together with proper diet alterations, can also enhance your metabolism and help your body regulate weight more readily.

Something as straightforward as taking the stairs at work, walking while speaking on the telephone can make a significant difference.

How to Prevent Obesity

In the conclusion of the afternoon, eating a nutritious diet and getting enough exercise will be the best method to reduce obesity. Here are some ways to avoid this illness:

1. Eat More “Good” Fat

Avoiding weight gain does not mean entirely avoiding fat.

To the contrary, polyunsaturated fats like omega-three fatty acids found in nuts and salmon may lower cholesterol and obesity threat.

2. Eat Low Glycemic Foods

Low GI index

Eating Spicy foods that don’t cause blood sugar spikes like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins may keep your blood glucose levels controlled and help maintain a wholesome bodyweight.

3. Exercise Regularly

Work out 150 minutes of mild aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise every week is crucial to stay healthy bodyweight.

In addition to an aerobic workout, engaging in a weight training regime will instruct your muscles and prime your metabolism for healthy weight reduction.

4. Reduce Stress

Stress can make you create unhealthy eating patterns like emotional eating and eating at irregular intervals.

When feeling anxious, rather than reaching a hamburger, attempt stress reduction methods like deep breathing, yoga, or experimentation.


Obesity is different from being only obese since it has a more significant risk factor for specific diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and fatty liver disease.

Obesity may be caused by many different factors, such as genetics, diet, physical activity, drugs, and pre-existing health ailments.

The indications of obesity may include breathlessness, excessive sweating, and lack of confidence.

An individual can fight obesity by enhancing lifestyle, after a wholesome diet, regular exercise, using lots of water, and sufficient sleep aids to reach the established goal.

Obesity can stay away with the ideal diet plan and workout routine.

Ward off foods that are high in fat, sugar, and excess carbs and eating foods that are high in “good” carbs, fiber, and nutrients may reduce cholesterol and reduce obesity risk.